There are quite a number of factors that affect coffee growing and hence the purpose of this article just in case you happen not to be aware of such factors. Most times, the phrase global warming could be focussed on human health as well as the immediate environments but do you also know it has a high effect in cups of Coffee? Research has it that come 2050, coffee production would fall from 75% to about 25% due to the reduction of the soups water content caused by global warming with the coffee market as well as other agricultural produce facing water shortage challenges. The hotter the climate gets, the worse the condition of coffee production as heated climate could be seen as coffees worst enemy as the temperature gets to reduce the coffee quality as well as make them weaker to fight against pests and diseases which see this as an opportunity to attack the coffee plant.
Coffee could be seen as more than a drink as after the trading of oil, coffee comes second as a multi- billion dollar investment in the globes economic trade. The constant change in the world’s climate has a negative effect on the production of the entire globes coffee which would be worse off in coming years. This threat is mainly focused on the coffee Arabica species which tend to need more of ecological as well as meteorological climatic conditions in other to produce quality coffee beans.
Amongst all of the coffee beans species, only the coffee robusta and coffee Arabica dominate the coffee production market with each of them already adapted to their specified climatic regions which means that with as little as an increase in temperature or reduction in the normal temperature of the planting regions, there is the possibility of a negative impact on the coffee plants yield. In a case of a higher temperature region, the introduction of the coffee borer pest comes into existence as they can be found in high temperate regions thereby becoming a threat to the coffee plants survival. Guatemala is an example of a coffee region which over time has had an increase in temperature which has made the coffee plants in the region susceptible to insects and fungi attacks.
More recent research has shown that the climatic change is already affecting coffee producing regions located in the East African Highlands as for every rise in the degree of Celsius of the region’s temperature leads to a 14% decrement in coffee plant yield for every 27% hectare region. The climatic condition of the world presently has led many coffee farmers to give up on coffee beans farming with many of such Tanzanian farmers focussing on other non coffee agricultural products seeing that the climatic change is having an adverse effect on the world’s coffee production.
Scientists and researchers have come out to say that the change in the increment of the global temperature happens to be of great concern to the inhabitants of the entire globe as the coffee production industry is at higher risk at this time.